Better teaching : Praise the work, not the child

Praising babies' effort, not talent, leads to greater motivation and more positive attitudes toward challenges five years later.

From researchers in Stanford
Another synopsis of the same report From BPS research digest
Should Parents Praise Their Children? From Kenneth Barish in the
When Praise Hurts: The Psychology of Gushing From Wray Herbert in the
The Dangers of Over-Celebrating Our Children Also from
We need to make a distinction between praise and feedback. From
The Difference Between Praise and Feedback From Mindshift
This effect is particularly noticeable in children with low self-esteem. Extract from a paper from American Psychology Association
Alfie Kohn summarises his view on praising students
This post cites Charlotte Stiglitz, fomer teacher and mother of the Nobel Prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz. From
Thou shalt not praise: the seven deadly sins of teaching “Lavishing” approval on pupils, grouping by ability and ensuring students are always “active learners” are among the teaching don’ts that appear in research released recently. From
And the effect is strongest for girls Blog post from Mind/Shift
Dweck's paper on this (gender) effect In pdf format
Carol Dweck on the "gifted curse" YouTube. 1 min
How can your child fulfill their potential? It's back to their mindset again. From